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Baden-Württemberg hospital isolates several patients for norovirus
Several patients were isolated in a hospital in Baden-Württemberg after becoming infected with the highly contagious norovirus. The measure is intended to prevent the virus from spreading further. How the pathogen was introduced can no longer be traced.
High prevalence of norovirus infections
In the past few months, an unusually high spread of norovirus infections has been reported from various regions in Germany. The gastrointestinal diseases triggered by this occur seasonally in the winter months. In a hospital in Baden-Württemberg, several patients and two nurses were also infected with the highly contagious norovirus. The people concerned have now been isolated.
Affected patients are isolated
According to media reports, several patients and two nurses were infected with the highly contagious norovirus in Bietigheim Hospital.
According to the information, the virus had been detected in three patients in the laboratory, twelve other people had shown the symptoms of such an infection at the weekend.
So there are currently 15 infected. Four other patients in the affected ward apparently showed no symptoms.
"As a precaution, the patients were isolated for safety," said Alexander Tsongas, spokesman for the Regional Clinic Holding (RKH), according to a report by the "Stuttgarter Nachrichten".
Now there are strict safety precautions: Medical personnel who want to enter station 1B must wear protective clothing.
How long the quarantine is maintained cannot be said at the moment. "It is decided from day to day," said RKH infection expert Sabine Gfrörer.
Even those who have recovered can still carry the pathogen.
Illness usually begins suddenly
How the virus was introduced can no longer be traced.
Noroviruses are among the most common pathogens of infectious gastrointestinal diseases. In winter such diseases accumulate, which often suddenly begin with nausea and vomiting.
In the further course diarrhea and circulatory problems appear. In addition, there is often a strong feeling of illness with muscle and abdominal pain, occasionally with a slight fever and headache.
"The severe vomiting diarrhea can quickly lead to a lack of fluid in the body, which can be manifested by a pronounced feeling of weakness or dizziness," writes the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) on the portal "infektionsschutz.de".
The symptoms are often pronounced over a day or two, but then quickly go away in otherwise healthy people.
Basically everyone can get noroviruses. Children under the age of five and seniors over the age of 70 are particularly affected.
Human to human transmission
Noroviruses are usually transmitted from person to person via a “smear infection”. The pathogens are carried on the hands in the smallest traces of stool residues or vomit from sick people.
The viruses can easily get into your mouth by hand. Even the tiniest virus-containing droplets in the air, which arise during vomiting, are very contagious.
In addition, the pathogens can also stick to objects such as door handles, handrails or fittings and easily get into your mouth via your hands.
Furthermore, raw foods such as salads, fruit, crabs or mussels can be contaminated with noroviruses and can also cause infection, as can contaminated water or other beverages.
Protect against infection
In order to prevent infection with the dangerous noroviruses, certain hygiene measures should be observed.
Washing your hands carefully after each use of the toilet, before preparing food and before eating, after using public transport or other contact with many people can help to break the chain of infection.
Then dry your hands carefully with a clean cloth. This prevents pathogens from the intestine from entering the mouth through contaminated hands.
Use only your own hygiene articles and towels. It is best to regularly clean areas around the patient, such as wash basins, door handles and floors, with disposable cloths and then dispose of them in the household waste.
This also applies to visibly dirty areas such as toilets. Wearing disposable gloves can offer additional protection against infections.
Parents should take care not to bring sick children back to community facilities such as kindergartens or schools until the symptoms (diarrhea and vomiting) have disappeared for 48 hours. (ad)