Raspberry tongue and itch mite - typical diseases in children

Typical teething problems and their symptoms
Viruses, bacteria and fungi spread where many children are together. In addition to measles, rubella and chickenpox, these also include hardly known diseases that are rampant in daycare centers, kindergartens and schools - for example scabies or ringed rubella.

Scabies is an infection of the skin with itch mites. It is transmitted from person to person through skin contact. However, superficial contact is not enough.

Scabies are manifested by intense itching on the skin, especially when it is warm - for example in bed. Blisters, papules and pustules form on the skin, especially between the fingers, on the wrists, the elbows, ankles, groins, the chest and the genitals.

What to do?
The mites cannot tolerate heat and die at temperatures above 50 degrees Celsius. Therefore, it is enough to wash infested clothes in the washing machine to get rid of the pests. If children are affected by scabies, wash all clothing, towels and bed linen at a temperature of at least 60 degrees Celsius.

Scabies in Soltau
The scabies are currently being dealt with in schools in Soltau in northern Germany. Young people are particularly affected.

Lack of hygiene?
Popularly, scabies is a sign of inadequate cleanliness. But that's not correct. Rather, one of the causes of the recent itchy cases appears to be that young people spend their time in street clothes in private apartments more than in the past.

Ringed rubella
Ringed rubella appears as skin redness covering the surface, the shape of which vaguely resembles a butterfly, which distinguishes it from other skin infections. The rash begins on the face and later spreads to the arms and legs.

Why ringed rubella?
The large spots take the form of reddish stripes in the course of the inflammation - hence ringed rubella. A person gets the disease only once in a lifetime.

Streptococci are bacteria that cause scarlet fever, a disease that particularly affects children from four to twelve years old. Children are the preferred “target” because streptococci only spread when the immune system is weakening - or is not yet sufficiently developed in young children.

"Raspberry tongue"
The symptoms are a "raspberry tongue", ie a "scarlet" mouth, high fever, severe pain in the throat, head and limbs. A red rash covers the skin, and later it flakes off.

Children become infected with streptococci through droplets or touches from people who carry the pathogen. There are other diseases besides scarlet fever, depending on the type of streptococcus at work. Igniting the excretions of the heart or lungs bacteria is life-threatening.

Follow-up reactions
Streptococcus pyogenes, the scarlet fever, penetrates the body particularly through the oral mucosa. The reactions of the immune system to the bacteria pose a risk - “cross-reactions” can ignite the joints, muscles and heart.

The "three-day fever" rages preferentially in infants and toddlers whose immune system is still weak. First a high fever breaks out, which then sinks after about three days and instead a red rash covers the trunk. Triggers are herpes viruses.

The risk of infection with conjunctivitis is particularly high for small children. It is a smear and droplet infection-

The eyes redden, swell, tear and stick. The child is extremely sensitive to light. Pus sometimes forms in the eye.

To prevent (widespread) conjunctivitis, wash your hands (and your child as well) and clean your child's eyelid with a damp cloth if there are any pathogens.

Go to the doctor?
If symptoms indicate a conjunctivitis in your child, then go to the doctor.

Natural home remedies for conjunctivitis
Wash your child's eyes with cold water, put cold compresses on the inflamed area. Darken the room and keep the child from rubbing their eyes. (Dr. Utz Anhalt)

Author and source information

Video: Stomatitis Oral Mucositis Pediatric Infectious Diseases. Lecturio (January 2022).